What Are STDs
STD stands for sexually transmitted disease.
STDs are infections that are most often spread through vaginal, anal,
and/or oral sex,
but they can also be contracted from nonsexual contact like intravenous needle use,
childbirth, breastfeeding, and skin-to-skin contact.
STDs are extremely common.
According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC),
it’s estimated that 20 million STD cases occur each year in the United States,
and according to the World Health Organization (WHO),
there are more than 1 million STIs acquired every day worldwide.
STDs may not always show symptoms, but even if no symptoms are present,
they can still cause irreversible damage.
STDs can be scary, but most can be treated easily, especially if they’re caught early.
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The Most Common STDs
What’s the most common STD in men?
Chlamydia is also the most common STD that affects men.
About 578,000 were reported in 2017 in just males.
Chlamydia doesn’t always cause noticeable symptoms, either, especially in men.
This makes it easier to spread when someone doesn’t know they have it.
The CDC reports the following as the second and third most common STDs in the United States
Chlamydia : over 1.7 Million reported cases as of 2017
Gonorrhea : over half a million reported cases as of 2017
What is chlamydia?
Chlamydia is a common STD that can infect both men and women.
It can cause serious, permanent damage to a woman’s reproductive system.
This can make it difficult or impossible for her to get pregnant later on.
How can I reduce my risk of getting chlamydia?
The only way to avoid STDs is to not have vaginal, anal, or oral sex.
If you are sexually active, you can do the following things
to lower your chances of getting chlamydia:
- Be in a long-term mutually monogamous relationship
- with a partner who has been tested and has
- negative STD test results.
- Use latex condoms every time you have sex.